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April | 2022 | Leetcoding Challenge

Week 1

1 March | 344. Reverse String

Write a function that reverses a string. The input string is given as an array of characters s.

You must do this by modifying the input array in-place with O(1) extra memory.

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class Solution {
public:
    void reverseString(vector<char>& s) {
        int n(s.size());
        for(int i=0; i<n/2; i++)
            swap(s[i], s[n-i-1]);
    }
};

2 March | 680. Valid Palindrome II

Given a string s, return true if the s can be palindrome after deleting at most one character from it.

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class Solution {
public:
    bool validPalindrome(string s) {
        int n = s.size();
        
        if(n < 3) return true;
  
        if(n==3){
            
        if(s[0] == s[2]) return true;
            else{
        if(s[0] == s[1] || s[1] == s[2])
            return true;
        return false;
            }
     
        }
        
        int l=0, r=n-1, l_cost = 0, r_cost = 0;
        
        while(l<=r){
            
            if(l_cost > 1)
                break;
            
            if(s[l] != s[r]){
                l_cost++;
                l++;
            }else{
            l++;
            r--;
            }
        }
        
        l=0, r=n-1;
        
        while(l<=r){
            
            if(r_cost > 1)
                break;
            
            if(s[l] != s[r]){
                r_cost++;
                r--;
            }else{
            l++;
            r--; 
        }  
        }
      
        
        if(l_cost > 1 && r_cost > 1)
            return false;
        return true;
    }
};

3 March | 680. Valid Palindrome II

A permutation of an array of integers is an arrangement of its members into a sequence or linear order.

  • For example, for arr = [1,2,3], the following are considered permutations of arr: [1,2,3], [1,3,2], [3,1,2], [2,3,1]. The next permutation of an array of integers is the next lexicographically greater permutation of its integer. More formally, if all the permutations of the array are sorted in one container according to their lexicographical order, then the next permutation of that array is the permutation that follows it in the sorted container. If such arrangement is not possible, the array must be rearranged as the lowest possible order (i.e., sorted in ascending order).

  • For example, the next permutation of arr = [1,2,3] is [1,3,2].
  • Similarly, the next permutation of arr = [2,3,1] is [3,1,2].
  • While the next permutation of arr = [3,2,1] is [1,2,3] because [3,2,1] does not have a lexicographical larger rearrangement.

Given an array of integers nums, find the next permutation of nums.

The replacement must be in place and use only constant extra memory.

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class Solution
{
public:
    int binary_search(vector<int> &s, int l, int r, int key)
    {
        int index = -1;
        while (l <= r)
        {
            int mid = l + (r - l) / 2;
            if (s[mid] <= key)
                r = mid - 1;
            else
            {
                l = mid + 1;
                if (index == -1 || s[index] >= s[mid])
                    index = mid;
            }
        }
        return index;
    }

    void reverse(vector<int> &s, int l, int r)
    {
        while (l < r)
            swap(s[l++], s[r--]);
    }

    void nextPermutation(vector<int> &s)
    {
        int len = s.size(), i = len - 2;
        while (i >= 0 && s[i] >= s[i + 1])
            --i;
        
        if (i >= 0)
        {
            int index = binary_search(s, i + 1, len - 1, s[i]);
            swap(s[i], s[index]);
            reverse(s, i + 1, len - 1);
        }
        else
            sort(s.begin(), s.end());
    }
};

4 March | 680. Valid Palindrome II

You are given the head of a linked list, and an integer k.

Return the head of the linked list after swapping the values of the kth node from the beginning and the kth node from the end (the list is 1-indexed).

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class Solution {
public:
    ListNode* swapNodes(ListNode* head, int k) {
        ListNode*ptr1 = head,*ptr2 = head , *kth = NULL;
        while(--k){
            ptr1 = ptr1->next;
        }
        kth = ptr1;
        ptr1 = ptr1->next;
        while(ptr1){
            ptr1 = ptr1->next;
            ptr2 = ptr2->next;
        }
        swap(kth->val,ptr2->val);
        return head;
    }
};

5 March | 11. Container With Most Water

You are given an integer array height of length n. There are n vertical lines drawn such that the two endpoints of the ith line are (i, 0) and (i, height[i]).

Find two lines that together with the x-axis form a container, such that the container contains the most water.

Return the maximum amount of water a container can store.

Notice that you may not slant the container.

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int maxArea(vector<int>& height) {
    int maxArea(vector<int>& arr) {
    int i=0, j=arr.size()-1,maxi = -1;
    while(i<j){
        if (arr[i]< arr[j]) i++;
        else j--;
        maxi = max(maxi , min(arr[i],arr[j])*(j-i));
        }
        return maxi ; 
}
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